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Bob's Red Mill Flours

It's amazing to think that something as simple as a whole grain can pack so much energy and vitality. Sure, they may look innocent enough from the outside, but the real magic lies within. Which leads us to one of the most common questions we get asked, 'What's the difference between a whole grain and a processed grain?' To put it simply, a processed grain is missing some of its most nutritious parts, whereas a whole grain contains all of its nutritional health benefits.

The edible part of every whole grain is known as the kernel and is made up of three major parts: the bran, the germ and the endosperm. Processed grains lack the bran and germ, which are removed during the milling process. The remaining endosperm is what creates a flour’s smooth texture and longer shelf life. Without the bran and germ, the flour is void of the dietary fiber, iron, and B vitamins. Whole grains, on the other hand, include all three parts of the kernel and provide the body with nutrients like fiber, complex carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids and antioxidants. Now that you know the difference, it's easy to see why Bob's Red Mill only use whole grains.